Cervical Cancer

Cervix is the lower part of uterus which connects birth canal or vagina to the upper part of uterus.

Malignant tumor of cervix can occur in females who are exposed to sex 

Occurs in females over 30 years of age 

SYMPTOMS 

  • Bleeding in between periods
  • Bleeding after sexual relation 
  • Foul smelling discharge 
  • Pain during sexual contact 
  • Unexplained persistent pelvic or back pain 
  • In some cases no symptoms 
  • Bleeding after menopause 

CAUSES 

Various strains of human papillome virus (HPV) a sexually transmitted infection play a role in causing most cervical cancer 

PREVENTION 

  • Routine checkup by gynaecologist.
  • Screening test – both pap smear and HPV virus screening.
  • Vaccine

TREATMENT

Surgery, Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy 

VACCINE 

  • Plays a role in prevention 
  • Can be given between 14 years to 45 years 
  • 2 doses for under 14 years – 0,6 months
  • 3 doses for 15 years – 0,1,6 months 

Side effect of vaccine are minimal redness, dizziness, nausea and headache

Carry home message –

  • Get yourself screened 
  • Get vaccinated

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