Novel corona virus disease (COVID-19)

Coronavirus is a family of viruses that range from the common cold to severe acute respiratory symptoms 

Incubation period – it appears that the symptoms are showing up in people within 14 days of exposure to the virus 

Origin – it appears in Wuhan a city of China on Dec 19

Source – Bats (presumably) and pangolins 


  • Cough
  • Fever shortness of breath 
  • Muscles ache
  • Sore throat
  • Unexplained loss of taste and smell
  • Diarrhea 
  • Headache

In severe cases, it may lead to severe respiratory failure or death.

Clinical diagnosis – It may be difficult 

May appear similar to flu or a bad cold 

Prevention – 

  • stay home
  • keep safe distance 
  • wash hands often 
  • cover your cough 
  • If feel sick call on helpline no’s 

Diet – increase your immunity 

  • Takes plenty of fluids intake 
  • Seasonal fruits 
  • Seasonal vegetables
  • Increase protein intake from dal, sprouts, and paneer 
  • Add tulsi, ginger, dalchini in your tea

Precaution for fruits & vegetables:-

  • Wash with water 
  • Keep them in sun after buying for at least 4 hours or wash with water & baking soda (soak them for 15min and then rinse)


  • Wash your hands regularly for 20 seconds with soap and water or alcohol based hand wash
  • Cover your nose and mouth with disposable tissue
  • Flex your elbow when you cough and sneeze 
  • Avoid close contact with people who are unwell (1meter to 3 feet distance to be maintained)
  • Stay home and self-isolate form other in the household if you feel unwell


  • Don’t touch your eyes nose or mouth with your hands

Treatment – there is no specific medicine or vaccine to prevent or treat coronavirus disease

High risk 

  • Children 
  • Elderly (above 60 years)
  • Any chronic illness
  • h/o lung disease 
  • H/o diabetes
  • H/o kidney disease 
  • Pregnant females 
  • Patient with low immunity (cancer patient)
  • Travel history in the past 
  • Contact with COVID-19 patient 

Diagnosis – Nasopharyngeal swab is taken by health care workers 

Early recognition of symptoms with prompt testing would result in early diagnosis in incipient stage  

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