According to the World Health Organization(WHO), around 50 million people worldwide have epilepsy, making it one of the most common neurological diseases globally. The risk of premature death in people with epilepsy is up to three times higher than in the general population.
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterised by recurrent seizures, which are sudden and uncontrolled electrical disturbances in the brain. If you suspect that you or someone you know may be suffering from epilepsy, it is crucial to recognise the signs and symptoms to seek appropriate medical attention. Salubritas is the best neurology hospital in Delhi, which has a team of medical professionals that look into the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to neurology and neurological disorders.
What is Epilepsy?
Seizures are uncontrollable bursts of electrical activity in the brain. It has the potential to alter behaviour, motions, sensations, and degrees of consciousness. Epilepsy is defined as having two or more seizures that take place within 24 hours of a time span and have no known cause.
Epilepsy is a complex condition that can manifest differently in each individual. It occurs due to abnormal brain activity, often resulting in seizures. According to the best neuro hospital in Delhi, when a person suffers from two or more two unprovoked seizures, he/she becomes more susceptible to epilepsy. Seizures can vary in type, intensity, and duration, which are the hallmark of epilepsy. It is essential to differentiate between isolated seizures(one-time seizures) and epilepsy, as not all seizures indicate the presence of the disorder.
What Causes Epilepsy?
- Epilepsy can be hereditary
Epilepsy has a genetic component in some persons who have generalised seizures. Only a small percentage of people who have generalised seizures also have family members who have generalised seizures. Sleep deprivation and binge drinking have been identified as potential factors for those who have generalised seizures.
The most common cause of epilepsy worldwide is infection. Infectious disorders that have been linked to epilepsy include tuberculosis, bacterial meningitis, and cerebral malaria.
- Due to autoimmune causes
An autoimmune disorder may cause epilepsy if a person has a history of cancer or an autoimmune ailment such as Grave's disease, Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or ulcerative colitis. An autoimmune cause for a patient's epilepsy may be indicated by a sudden and severe onset of seizures.
- Metabolic disorders
Some types of epilepsy are linked to metabolic problems, which are frequently passed down via families. Symptoms typically appear throughout infancy or early childhood.
- Abnormality in structural causes
Congenital or acquired diseases, such as a head injury, stroke, or brain tumour, can be the reason for abnormality in the structure of the brain.
Common symptoms experienced during Epilepsy
According to the Epilepsy Foundation, one in every 26 people develops the disease. Epilepsy affects people of all sexes, races, ethnicities, and ages. Recognizing the symptoms associated with epilepsy can help you identify if you or someone you know might be affected. These symptoms may include:
- Unprovoked seizures
- Temporary confusion or disorientation.
- Repetitive movements, such as twitching or jerking of limbs.
- Loss of consciousness or awareness.
- Staring spells or blank episodes.
- Intense fear/anxiety.
- Sudden falls or loss of muscle control.
- Temporary cessation of breathing or difficulty in breathing.
It is important to note that experiencing one or more of these symptoms does not automatically indicate epilepsy, but they should be assessed by a healthcare professional for proper evaluation.
How To Deal With Epilepsy?
- Keeping a Seizure Record Diary
Maintaining a seizure diary can be immensely helpful in identifying patterns or triggers. If you suspect epilepsy, record detailed information about each seizure episode, including the date, time, duration, and any observations related to the event. It is important to make note of the activities, foods, or other factors that might have preceded the seizure. This record can provide valuable insights to assist doctors in making an accurate diagnosis.
- Seizure Assessment
If you suspect that you or someone you know may have epilepsy, it is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional. A thorough medical evaluation is essential for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment. At Salubritas, we have Dr. Kadam Napal, who is a neurology specialist. His neurology expertise and knowledge place him among the top 3 neurologist in Delhi. His assessments include the following:-
Detailed medical history
Provide your doctor with a comprehensive overview of symptoms, seizure experiences, and any relevant medical conditions or family history.
A physical examination will help rule out other potential causes of seizures or underlying health issues.
These may include an electroencephalogram (EEG), which measures brain activity, and imaging tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans to identify any structural abnormalities in the brain.
Blood tests may be conducted to check for metabolic disorders, infections, or genetic factors that could contribute to seizures.
- Treatment and Management
Epilepsy is treatable and can be well managed with optimal medical management in most cases. Medications help in controlling and reducing the frequency of seizures. In some cases, surgery or other interventions may be recommended. It is crucial to work closely with your healthcare team to develop an individualised treatment plan that addresses your specific needs. Recognizing the signs and symptoms of epilepsy is the first step towards seeking appropriate medical evaluation and care. If you or someone you know is experiencing seizures or other symptoms associated with epilepsy, consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment. Remember, early intervention and effective management can effectively prevent the further recurrence of seizures.
- Visit top neurologist in Delhi
If you're experiencing seizures, it's time to see the top neurologist in Delhi. Dr. Kadam Nagpal has experience in neurology and neurological problems and treats patients at Salubritas. His 20+ years of experience deem him one of the best neurologist in South Delhi. At Salubritas, you will receive the most excellent possible care. Make an appointment today.